See translated research here.


Wrenn, C. L. 2021. Animals in Irish Society: Interspecies Oppression and Vegan Liberation in Ireland’s First Colony. New York: SUNY Press.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. Piecemeal Protest: Animal Rights in the Age of Nonprofits. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. DOI: 10.3998/mpub.11301441.

Wrenn, C. L.  2016.  A Rational Approach to Animal Rights:  Extensions in Abolitionist Theory.  London, UK:  Palgrave Macmillan. DOI: 10.1057/9781137434654.

Book Chapters

Wrenn, C. L. 2024. “Sexism in Animal Activism: The Foie Gras Campaigns.” Pp. 563-576, in The Routledge Companion to Gender and Animals, C. Taylor (ed.). London: Routledge.

Wrenn, C. L. and L. M. Korimboccus. 2023. “Vegan Feminism Then and Now: Women’s Resistance to Legalised Speciesism across Three Waves of Activism.” Pp. 251-266, in Gendering Green Criminology, E. Milne, P. Davies, J. Heydon, Kay Peggs, and T. Wyatt (Eds.). Bristol: Bristol University Press.

Wrenn, C. L. 2023. “Nonhuman Animal Rights.” Pp. 148-161, in Handbook of Inequality and the Environment, M. Long, M. Lynch, and P. Stretesky (Ed.). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. DOI: 10.4337/9781800881136.

Wrenn, C. L. 2023. “Building a Vegan Feminist Network in the Professionalised Digital Age of Third-Wave Animal Activism.” Pp. 235-248, in Feminist Animal Studies, E. Cudworth and D. Turgoose (Eds.). London: Routledge. DOI: 10.4324/9781003222620-18.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “Society Writings.” Pp. 333-348, in The Edinburgh Companion to Vegan Literary Studies, L Wright and E. Quinn (Eds.). Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “Veganism.” Pp. 128-130, in Preconceived: Challenging the Perceptions in Our Lives, Z. Mednick (Ed). Self-published.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Vegan Geographies in Ireland.” Pp. 394-406, in The Routledge Handbook of Vegan Studies, edited by L. Wright. London: Routledge.

Wrenn, C. L. 2017. “Toward a Vegan Feminist Theory of the State.” Pp. 201-230, in Animal Oppression and Capitalism, edited by D. Nibert. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger Press.

Wrenn, C. L. 2015. “Human Supremacy, Post-Speciesist Ideology, and the Case for Anti-Colonialist Veganism.” Pp. 55-70, in Animals in Human Society, edited by D. L. Moorehead.  Lanham, MD:  University Press of America/Hamilton Books.

Wrenn, C. L. 2015. “The Weight of Veganism.” Pp. 164-165, in The Vegan Studies Project: Food, Animals, and Gender in the Age of Terror, edited by Laura Wright. Athens, GA: The University of Georgia Press.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Wrenn, C. L. 2023. “Animalizing Appalachia: A Critical Animal Studies Analysis of Early Sociological Surveys of Southern Appalachia.” Journal of Appalachian Studies 29 (2): 145–165. DOI: 10.5406/23288612.29.2.02.

Wrenn, C. L. 2023. “Shocked or Satiated? Graphic Imagery and Persistent Commitment in Animal Rights Activism.” Emotions: History, Culture, Society, 7. Online first. DOI: 10.1163/2208522X-bja10045.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Beehives on the Border: Liminal Humans and Other Animals at Skellig Michael.” Irish Journal of Sociology 29 (2): 137-159. DOI: 10.1177/0791603521999957.

Wrenn, C. L. and A. Lizardi. 2020. “Older, Greener, and Wiser: Charting the Experiences of Older Women in the American Vegan Movement.Journal of Women & Aging 33 (6): 653-675. Online first. DOI: 10.1080/08952841.2020.1749501.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “Free-Riders in the Nonprofit Industrial Complex: The Problem of Flexitarianism.” Society & Animals 26 (4): 567-591. DOI: 10.1163/15685306-12341544.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “Discriminating Spirits: Cultural Source Theory and the
Human-Nonhuman Boundary”
 Mortality 25 (3): 348-363. DOI: 10.1080/13576275.2019.1622519.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “The Vegan Society and Social Movement Professionalization, 1944-2017.Food and Foodways 27 (3): 190-210. DOI:

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “Atheism in the American Animal Rights Movement:
An Invisible Majority.”
 Environmental Values 28 (6): 715-739. DOI: 10.3197/096327119X15579936382509.

Wrenn, C. L. 2018. “College Student Literacy of Food Animal Slaughter in the United States.” International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food 24 (2): 215-228.

Wrenn, C. L. 2018. “How to Help When It Hurts? Think Systemic.” Animal Studies Journal 7 (1): 149-179.

Wrenn, C. L. 2018. “Pussy Grabs Back. Bestialized Sexual Politics and the Intersectional Failure in the Protest Posters for the 2017 Women’s March.” Feminist Media Studies 19 (6): 803-821. DOI: 10.1080/14680777.2018.1465107.

Wrenn, C. L. 2018. “Building a Vegan Feminist Network in the Professionalized Digital Age of Third Wave Animal Activism.” Preprint. DOI: 10.31235/

Wrenn, C. L. 2017. “Trump Veganism: A Political Survey of American Vegans in the Era of Identity Politics.” Societies 7 (4): 32. DOI:

Wrenn, C. L. 2017. “Fat Vegan Politics: A Survey of Fat Vegan Activists’ Online Experiences with Social Movement Sizeism.” Fat Studies 6 (1): 90-102. DOI: 10.1080/21604851.2017.1242359.

Wrenn, C. L.  2017.  “Skeptics and the ‘White Stuff’:  Promotion of Cows’ Milk and Other Nonhuman Animal Products in the Skeptic Community as Normative Whiteness.”  Relations:  Beyond Anthropocentrism 5 (1): 73-81. DOI: 10.7358/rela-2017-001-wren.

Wrenn, C. L. 2016. “Social Movement Prostitution: A Case Study in Nonhuman Animal Rights Activism and Vegan Pimping.” Griffith Journal of Law & Human Dignity 4(2): 87-99.

Wrenn, C. L. and M. Lutz. 2016. “White Women Wanted?  An Analysis of Gender Diversity in Social Justice Magazines.” Societies 6 (2): 1-18. DOI: 10.3390/soc6020012.

Wrenn C. L. 2016 “An Analysis of Diversity in Nonhuman Animal Rights Media.” Journal for Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (2): 143-165. DOI: 10.1007/s10806-015-9593-4.

Wrenn, C. L., J. Clark, M. Judge, K. Gilchrist, D. Woodlock, K. Dotson, R. Spanos, and J. Wrenn.  2015.  “The Medicalization of Nonhuman Animal Rights: Frame Contestation and the Exploitation of Disability.” Disability & Society 30 (9): 1307-1327. DOI: 10.1080/09687599.2015.1099518.

Wrenn, C. L. 2015. “The Land of Meat and Potatoes? Exploring Ireland’s Vegan and Vegetarian Foodscape.” Preprint. DOI: 10.31235/

Wrenn, C. L.  2014.  “Abolition Then and Now:  Tactical Comparisons between the Human Rights Movement and the Modern Nonhuman Animal Rights Movement in the United States.”  Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Ethics 27 (2): 177-200. DOI: 10.1007/s10806-013-9458-7.

Wrenn, C. L.  2014.  “Fifty Shades of Oppression:  Unexamined Sexualized Violence against Women and Other Animals.”  Relations:  Beyond Anthropocentrism 2 (1):  135-139.

Wrenn, C. L.  2013.  “Nonhuman Animal Rights, Alternative Food Systems, and the Non-Profit Industrial Complex.”  Phaenex:  Journal of Existential and Phenomenological Theory and Culture 8 (2):  209-242. DOI: 10.22329/p.v8i2.4093.

Wrenn, C. L.  2013.  “The Role of Professionalization Regarding Female Exploitation in the Nonhuman Animal Rights Movement.”  Journal of Gender Studies 24 (2): 131-146. DOI: 10.1080/09589236.2013.806248.

Wrenn, C. L. and R. Johnson.  2013.  “A Critique of Single-Issue Campaigning and the Importance of Comprehensive Abolitionist Vegan Advocacy.”  Food, Culture & Society 16 (4):  651-668. DOI: 10.2752/175174413X13758634982092.

Wrenn, C. L.  2013.  “Resonance of Moral Shocks in Abolitionist Animal Rights Advocacy:  Overcoming Contextual Constraints.” Society & Animals 21 (4):  379-394. DOI: 10.1163/15685306-12341271.

Wrenn, C. L.  2012.  “Applying Social Movement Theory to Nonhuman Rights Mobilization and the Importance of Faction Hierarchies.”  Peace Studies Journal 5 (3):  27-44.

Wrenn, C. L.  2012.  “The Abolitionist Approach:  Critical Comparisons and Challenges within the Animal Rights Movement.”  Interface:  A Journal for and about Social Movements 4 (2):  438-458.

Wrenn, C. L.  2011.  “Resisting the Globalization of Speciesism:  Vegan Abolitionism as a Site for Consumer-Based Social Change.”  Journal for Critical Animal Studies 9 (3):  9-27.

Book Reviews

Wrenn, C. L. 2024. “Human/Nonhuman Urban Ecology in Modernizing Ireland.” Society & Animals Journal. Online first. DOI: 10.1163/15685306-bja10168.

Wrenn, C. L. 2023. “Advancing Veganism in a ‘Post-Vegan Society’: A Review of Veganism: Politics, Practice, and Theory.” Society & Animals Journal. Online first. DOI: 10.1163/15685306-bja10160.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Collaborating Against Speciesism: The Oxford Group and Social Innovation.” Oral History Review, December.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “‘More of a Liability than an Asset’: Victorian Women’s Advocacy for Other Animals.” Society & Animals 28: 437-445. DOI: 10.1163/15685306-BJA10017..

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “Breaking the Spell: A Critique of Intersectionality and Veganism in Anti-Racist Activism.Society & Animals 28: 327-330.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “Can Choice Feminism Advance Vegan Politics.” Society & Animals 28: 101-104. DOI: 10.1163/15685306-00001962.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “For the Wild: Ritual and Commitment in Radical Eco-activism.” Social Movement Studies 19 (1): 107-108. DOI: 10.1080/14742837.2019.1630268.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “Black Veganism and the Animality Politic.” Society & Animals 27: 127-131. DOI: 10.1163/15685306-12341578.

Wrenn, C. L. 2018. “The Economic Toll of the Nonhuman Animal Agricultural Industry and a Meat Tax to Combat It.” Society and Animals 26 (6): 639-643. DOI: 10.1163/15685306-12341573.

Wrenn, C. L. 2018. “Mobilizing food: A review of Building Nature’s Market.” Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development 8 (3): 207-211. DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2018.083.010.

Wrenn, C. L. 2017. “The New Sociology of Species and Media: A Review.” Media, Culture & Society 40 (2): 307-310. DOI: 10.1177/0163443717706072.

Wrenn, C. L. 2017. “Male Dominance and Expertise in the Remembering of Irish Women’s Lives.” Atlantis 38 (2): 232-234.

Wrenn, C. L. 2017. “Review. Breeze Harper. 2014. Scars: A Black Lesbian Experience in Rural White New England. Sense Publishers.” Feminist Spaces 3 (1): 124-126.

Wrenn, C. L. 2016. “Review of Our Children and Other Animals.” Between the Species 19(1): 2010-2014.

Wrenn, C. L.  2015. “Review of Animal Oppression & Human Violence: Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict.” Between the Species 18 (1): 112-115.


Wrenn, C. L. 2016. Professionalization, Factionalism, and Social Movement Success:  A Case Study on Nonhuman Animal Rights Mobilization (Doctoral dissertation). Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO.

Wrenn, C. L.  2008.  Powerlessness and Pollution in Alleghany County, Virginia:  A Historical Analysis of Paternalism and Economic Coercion in Appalachia and its Relationship with Environmental Degradation (Master’s thesis).  Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.

Conference Presentations

Wrenn, C. L. 2023. “Marginalized Genders in the Animal Rights Movement: Lessons from Vegan Activists and Queer Black Feminism.” International Association of Vegan Sociologists Annual Meeting. October 7.

Wrenn, C. L. 2023. “Teaching Vegan Sociology: Classic Theory.” Animal Advocacy Conference, University of Kent, June 22.

Wrenn, C. L. 2023. “What is Vegan Sociology?Total Liberation: The Case for Vegan Sociology. University of Essex. June 1.

Chudley, C., R. Cockshaw, L. Dehghan-Zaklaki, A. Hall, I. Sabin-Dawson, and C. Wrenn. 2022. “Why We Need a Plant-Based University.” University of Kent. December 6.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “Why Should Humanists Care about Animal Rights?” Humanist Association of Ireland. November 30.

Wrenn, C. L. and J. Milburn. 2022. “Vegan vs. Vegan.” Being Human Festival, British Academy. November 15.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “Selling Veganism in the Age of COVID: Vegan Representation in British Newspapers in 2020.” 2022. International Association of Vegan Sociologists Annual Meeting. October 8.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “Animals in Irish Society.” Vegan Studies Network Seminar Series. May 25.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “Vegan Ecofeminism.” Doing Global Gender, Perspectives on Gender and Re-Globalization, Center for Advanced Studies – EURAC Research. May 5.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “Vegan Feminist Activism Then and Now.” Ask Me Anything, Animal Rights Advocates Discord Server. May 14.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “A Sociology of Vegan Mobilization.” Veganism and Vegetarianism as Social Movement and Social Change, University of York. April 11.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “What is Vegan Sociology?On the Pulse Seminar Series, The Vegan Society, April 26.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “Gaelic Veganism and Irish Animal Rights.” Talks for a Compassionate Future, Animal Rebellion Ireland, Online. January 18.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “Gaelic Vegetarianism and Veganism & Colonial Resistance.” Food History Seminar Series, Institute of Historical Research, Online. February 10.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Vegan Food Culture.” Northeast Popular & American Culture Association, Online. October 23.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Animals in Society: A Conversation with Corey Lee Wrenn.” The Animal Rights Show, Online. August 9.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Shocked or Satiated? How Long-term Activists Manage Moral Shocks Beyond the Recruitment Stage.” American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Online. August 7.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Episode 53: Corey Lee Wrenn and Máirtín Mac Con Iomaire.” Little Museum of Dublin, 120 Dublin Stories, Online. July 27.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “V-Rated: Sexualization as a Mechanism of Food Justice Depoliticization.” Food & Food Systems in a time of Insecurity. British Sociological Association Food Study Group Conference, Online. June 22.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Charities, Computers, and Capitalism: How Animal Rights Entered Its Third Wave and What the Future Holds.” Animal Futures: Animal Rights in Academia and Activism. Estonian Vegan Society, Online. May 8.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “What is Vegan Sociology?.” Department of Philosophy and Cultural Heritage Seminar Series. Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Online. April 9.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Animals and Society: A Canterbury Case Study.” University of Kent. Online. March 20.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Irish Animal Rights.” Facebook Live. Online. March 17.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Our Relationship to Our Current Food System.” Jameson Humane Workshop. Online. February 17.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Digital Networking from the Margins.” Animals and Society Section of the American Sociological Association. Online. January 15.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “Vegan Feminist Activism Then and NowBritish Society of Criminology’s Gendering Green Criminology. Online. November 26.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “Animalizing AppalachiaEnvironmental History Workshop. Online. September 7.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “A Survey of American Sociologists.Annual Meeting of the International Association of Vegan Sociologists. Online. August 8.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “Piecemeal Protest: Animal Rights in the Age of Nonprofits.Understanding Voluntary Action: Past, Present and Future. Canterbury, England. July.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “Beehives on the Border of Humanity: The Monks of Skellig MichaelAnimal History Group. London, UK. June 19.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “Voices of Guinness: Animal Labour and the Sociology of WorkUniversity of Kent School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research Faculty Seminar. Canterbury, UK. November 14.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “Building a Vegan Feminist Network in the Professionalized Digital Age of Third Wave Animal Activism.American Sociological Association Annual Meeting. New York, NY. August 12.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “Civilizing Horses and Travellers in Post-Colonial Ireland.Decolonising Animals. Christchurch, NZ. July 2.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “Big Animal Rights.European Association for Critical Animal Studies. Barcelona, Spain. May 24.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “Resisting Rape Culture in Animal Rights Activism.Kent Vegan Festival. Canterbury, UK. May 4.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “Animal Spirits and their Gendered Earthly Remains: Summoning Masculinity and Femininity Norms in the Human-Nonhuman Relations of Ghost Stories.Animal Remains. Sheffield, UK. April 29.

Wrenn, C. L. 2018. “Discriminating Spirits: Animals in Ghost Stories and the Human-Nonhuman Boundary.Animals and Us: Research, Policy, and Practice. Windsor, ON. October 13.

Wrenn, C. L. 2018. “The Land of Meat and Potatoes? Animal Agriculture and Veganism in the Irish Discourse.Thinking about Animals. St. Catharines, ON. March 2.

Wrenn, C. L. 2016. “Fat Vegan Politics: The Hyper-Visibility and Invisibility of Vegans of Size in Online Activist Spaces.Gender, Bodies & Technology. Roanoke, VA. April 22.

Wrenn, C. L. 2014. “Demographic Representations in Nonhuman Animal Rights Magazines and the Implications for Mobilization Efforts and Diversity.American Sociological Association Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA. August 17.

Wrenn, C. L. 2014. “Understanding Oppression: An Intersectional Approach.” Our Collective Struggle: Human and Nonhuman Animals. January 17. London, ON: Western Ontario Vegan Society and University Students’ Council.

Wrenn, C. L. 2012. “Resonance of Moral Shocks in Abolitionist Animal Rights Advocacy: Overcoming Contextual Constraints.American Sociological Association Annual Meeting. Denver, CO. August 20.


Wrenn, C. L. 2023. “Shocked or Satiated? Violent Imagery Traumatizes Rather than Motivates Veteran Activists.” The Vegan Society, Research News, October 26.

Wrenn, C. L. 2023. “Can We ‘Have Our Cow and Eat Her, Too?’” The Vegan Society, Research News, April 17.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “Desert Island Discourse (5 Most Influential Books).Network: Magazine of the British Sociological Association, Spring 32-33.

Wrenn, C. L. 2022. “Opinion: The Animal Sentience Bill and Animal Nationalism in Post-Brexit BritainThe Vegan Society Research News, March 3.

Wrenn, C. L. 2021. “Animal Sentience Bill – A Marketing Ploy or Genuine Progress?University of Kent News Centre, May 13.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “Letter from ChairAmerican Sociological Association Animals & Society Section Newsletter, Spring.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “Is Sociology Ready to take Animals Seriously Now?British Sociological Association’s Everyday Society, April 16.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “Zoos as Colonial Legacies of Injustice.University of Kent News Centre, March 5.

Wrenn, C. L. 2020. “‘Pets Should Not Be Kept by Humans.University of Kent News Centre, February 6.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “Letter from ChairAmerican Sociological Association Animals & Society Section Newsletter, Autumn.

Wrenn, C. L. 2019. “Ghost Stories Tell Us a Lot about Animals in Human SocietyAmerican Sociological Association Animals & Society Section Newsletter, Autumn.

Wrenn, C. L. 2018. “Trump Veganism? Research Finds a Highly Intersectional American Vegan Movement.” American Sociological Association Animals & Society Section Newsletter Spring: 3.

Wrenn, C. L. 2018. “Why Can’t We All Just Get Along? Factionalism in Animal Rights.” Critical Mass 42 (2): 4-6.

Wrenn, C. L. 2017. “The Disney Nonhuman Princesses.” Sex and Gender News Fall (November): 9-10.

Wrenn, C. L. 2016. “Unpacking Privilege in Vegan Education Efforts.” The Vegan Society.

Wrenn, C. L. 2015. “Vegan Policing the Vegan Woman.” The Feminist Wire.

Wrenn, C. L. 2014. “Getting Your Foot In the Door.” Chickpea Magazine, Spring.

Wrenn, C. L. 2014. “The James Franco Test: Feminists Fighting Internalized Patriarchy.” Feminist Current.

Wrenn, C. L. 2013. “Health Benefits of Veganism.” VegFund Blog.

Wrenn, C. L. 2013. “Positively Engaging Your Non-Vegan Family.” VegFund Blog.

Wrenn, C. L. 2013. “The Power of Peaceful Activism.” VegFund Blog.

Wrenn, C. L. 2013. “Veganism and the Environment.” VegFund Blog.

Wrenn, C. L. 2013. “The Motivation for No-Kill Shelters.” The Roanoke Times.

Wrenn, C. L. 2013. “The Sexual Politics of Veganism.” Pacific Standard.

Wrenn, C. L. 2013. “The Sexual Politics of Veganism.” Sociological Images.

Wrenn, C. L. 2013. “The Original Cat Ladies.” Pacific Standard.

Wrenn, C. L. 2013. “The Sociological Perspective on Other Animals.” Everyday Sociology Blog.

Wrenn, C. L. 2013. “Suffragette Cats are the Original Cat Ladies.” Jezebel.

Nibert, D., C. Wrenn, and C. Glasser. 2012. “Animal Exploration.” American Sociological Association Footnotes.

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